Chii Chaunoziva NezveNzvimbo Dzakakosha Pakurima Maringazuva?

Sunflower imhando yesunflower mumhuri Asteraceae, arias: maruva ekubuda, sunflower, sunflower, sunflower, sunflower.Vanhu vazhinji vakadya mbeu yezuva , iyo inokura nesunflower, iwe unoziva zvakawanda sei pamusoro pezvinhu zvakakosha zvekukura sunflower?Chinotevera mupi wembeu yesunflower achasuma mapoinzi akakosha ekurima maringazuva.

Maringazuva anowanikwa kuSouth America, akachengetwa nevaSpanish muna 1510 kubva kuNorth America kuenda kuEurope, pakutanga kushandiswa kwekushongedza.19 zana, uye yakaunzwa kudzokera kuNorth America kubva kuRussia.Vanorimwa kuChina.Mbeu dzesunflower dzinonzi sunflower mbeu uye dzinowanzokangwa uye dzinodyiwa sechingwa, izvo zvinonaka.

What Do You Know about the Key Points of Growing Sunflowers?

1. Maringazuva anofarira kukurira ivhu rudzii?

Munzvimbo dzakawanda maringazuva anorimwa paivhu resaline, jecha uye rakaoma, zvikuru nekuti haachinji uye anodhura zvakanyanya pane zvimwe zvirimwa.Kunyange zvazvo sunflower isina ivhu rakasimba rinodiwa, inogona kukura pamhando dzose dzevhu, kubva kune ivhu rakaorera kusvika kune yakaoma, isina kubereka uye ine saline.Zvakadaro, mukana wekuwedzera goho wakakura kana wakadyarwa muminda ine dhaka rakadzika, yakakwira humus, chimiro chakanaka uye mvura yakanaka nekuchengetedza fetiraiza.Goho riri nani uye hupfumi hwepamusoro hunogona kuwanikwa.

2. Chii chinonzi dormancy yemhodzi yezuva?

Kana iri mhodzi dzesunflower dzemafuta, dormancy inowanzoita mazuva makumi maviri kusvika makumi mashanu mushure mekukohwa.Dormancy yakakosha mubiology sezvo ichibvumira mbeu kuti dzirambe dzakarara kusvika mwaka wekudyara wakajairika.Kumera kunogona kudziviswa padhisiki munguva yekukohwa kukura kwembeu, kunyangwe paine chiitiko chekunaya kwemvura.Iyi dormancy inongopfuura yega mushure megoho regore rino uye mwaka wekudyara unotevera.Muzviitiko zvakasarudzika apo mhodzi dzichangobva kukohwa dzinoshandiswa kudyara kana basa rekutsvagisa, dormancy inogona kutyorwa nemaoko.Kazhinji, mbeu dzakanyoroveswa mumhinduro ye50 kusvika ku100 micrograms / ml ye ethylene glycol kwemaawa maviri kusvika ku4 uye inomera pasi pemamiriro akakodzera.Gibberellin inobatsirawo pakupwanya dormancy muoiri seed sunflower mbeu.

3. Ndeapi mamiriro ekunze akakodzera kurima sunflower?

Maringazuva chirimwa chinoda tembiricha uye chirimwa chinoshingirira kutonhora chinoenderana nemamiriro ekunze.Kana tembiricha yepasi muvhu (0-20 cm) yasvika pa2°C, mhodzi dzinotanga kumera, 4-6°C dzinogona kumera uye 8-10°C dzoshandiswa pakukura kwembesa.Pamusoro pezvo, kubuda kwembesa kunoenderana zvakanyanya nemhando yembeu, hunyoro, oxygen uye kuumbwa uye chimiro chevhu.

General oiri sunflower kubva padzinde kusvika pakukura inoda ≥ 5 ℃ inoshanda yakawedzera tembiricha inosvika 1700 ℃;sunflower inodyiwa kubva padzinde kusvika pakukura inoda ≥ 5 ℃ inoshanda yakawedzera tembiricha inosvika 1900 ℃.

 


Nguva yekutumira: Nov-10-2021